23 June, 2019

81j1FwWeZsL._SL1500NY Diary (19-5) Rigor, Music and Flamenco

The word "Rigor" has both good and bad connotations. Here it means discipline of a high order and is applied to pianist Igor Levit, whose repertoire, pianism and intellect incline toward the austere.

This 3-CD set, characterized by classics today as a " 'Triple Threat' Variation Tour-de-Force", is a famous one. I found the little known Rzewski piece, "The People United", absolutely riveting throughout its considerable length. There are effects galore, including howling and foot stomping, but they all serve the flow of music. Perfect for the audiophile and it sounded stunning on my horns.

Carmen by Saura.jpgFlamenco is flamboyant but highly rigorous. Every twist and turn is calculated, perfectly angled and poised. This past Saturday Flamenco Vivo Carlota Santana (official link) performed at the Flushing library. Now, I have watched quite a bit of flamenco from Spain and can attest the four performers here were authentic. There were two dancers, one singer/dancer and a guitarist (Gaspar Rodriguez), who was highly virtuosic. I enjoyed it very much.

Incidentally, director Carlos Saura made several Flamenco films, the most famous of which is Carmen. It is a stunning film - watch it if you can (youtube trailer below).

The morning before I had to attend to some legal matter in Jamaica. Afterwards, I walked to the main public library and borrowed some CDs, including Igor Levit's set. Then for lunch I walked to Hillside Ave, which is populated by all kinds of Bangladeshi stores. There were three restaurants close by; two were almost empty while the other had lines. That makes picking easy, right? The canteen-styled Sagar Restaurant (official link) turns out to be a big thing in this neighborhood. The fellow behind me said it is mobbed on weekends. The goat curry, pulao rice and paratha were all delicious. Price is reasonable, especially considering the big portions (I had to take some home). The place was clean and friendly, though service was a bit chaotic. I shall definitely return!

16 June, 2019

Image result for goebel art fugue ando dvd berlin classicsNY Diary (19-4) Bach, Musica Antiqua Koln and Reinhard Goebel

Readers who read my classical recommendations know that I just cannot have enough Bach. It would not be stretching it to say I feel he occupies just as important a place in my heart as audio. Fortunately, the two complement each other.

Johann Sebastian Bach Brandenburg Ctos/Orchestral Suites/Chamber Music [13 CD]Musica Antiqua Koln (MAK), the trail blazing early music ensemble under the leadership of violinist Reinhard Goebel, which dissolved in 2006, to me has never made a bad recording. In the early days of historically informed performance (HIP), although there were quite a few contemporaneous English ensembles (like the English Concert or Academy of Ancient Music), the MAK's driven ways and sheer virtuosity has always been surpassing. Indeed their Bach recordings, now still available in a super-bargain 13 CD box (from Universal), is indispensable. Grab it while you can.

J.S. Bach: Brandenburg ConcertosThe Brandenburg Concertos in that box has always divided opinions, being of extremely fast tempi and lean aesthetics, and is still a daunting listen today, when fast tempi are more common. The set also has a sterling account of the lofty Art of the Fugue. In my sidebar, I also recommended another version of the piece, but the MAK's more austere approach here is just as valid.

Goebel is today more of a conductor, and I just savored repeatedly his recent Brandenburg Concerto (from the library) set (from Sony) with the Berliner Barock Solisten (comprising members of the BPO, but playing in HIP-informed ways). Tempi are just as fast, but I find the playing literally even more breathtakingly virtuosic. The momentum is now better sprung and the dance elements are more noticeable. Indeed there is just a more color to the proceedings. At the same time, I also heard the Chailly/Gewandhaus set, but though not without interest, it did not capture my attention nearly as much as this one. Recommended without any hesitation.

Just like the Sony CD, there is a much later MAK recording of Art of the Fugue, likely recorded not long before they dissolved, but it is on DVD (from Berlin Classics, and still available). The MAK played in the stunning Langen Foundation (a museum near Dusseldorf) designed by renowned architect Tadao Ando. Not only is the playing definitive, but the photography and conceptual layout are so impressive as to illustrate why sometimes (even non-vocal) music benefits from well integrated imagery. Embedded below is an almost complete youtube offering.

05 June, 2019

Monoprice BHS-839 Bluetooth Headphone 8323

Monoprice Premium Hi-Fi DJ Style Over-the-Ear Pro Bluetooth Headphones with Mic and Qualcomm aptX Support (8323 with Bluetooth)-Large-Image-1
NY Diary (19-3) Another "Good Enough"
Capsular Review: Monoprice BHS-839 Bluetooth Headphone (Monoprice 8323 with Bluetooth)

Update (6/14/19): After reading some advice from the internet, I finally got my Macbook to pair with the Monoprice cans. See Addendum at end of article.

My last Diary entry mentioned what it means to be "Good Enough", a term most audiophiles, perpetually seeking that elusive incremental "improvement", would regard as having a negative connotation. Not so, here.

I sometimes spend a lot of time in the kitchen, and wish I have some music there. As I have almost 1 T of music on my Macbook, it would be nice to be able to stream it. So I got the Monoprice BHS-839 AptX Bluetooth Headphone (official link).

Initially, all I got was frustration. No matter how I tried, it just would not pair with my old Macbook. As my old iPhone has no music on it, I tried someone else's newer iPhone and it worked well. Obviously my old Macbook (circa 2013) is the culprit, and it is known that Apple Bluetooth often have compatibility problems with other Bluetooth devices (even with newer Apple's, one has to force AptX). Monoprice's technical support confirmed this.

Disappointed, with my Parts Express order I included a $11 small Bluetooth Receiver that has a 3.5mm input (output too). I plugged it into the Macbook's jack and within seconds it paired with the Monoprice (identified as BSH-1701)! Now, this device is certainly not AptX, but the result surprised me.

Right out of the box, the Monoprice made beautiful music with the AIFF lossless files on my old Macbook! Without warmup, no matter what I threw at it, string quartet, piano, or vocals, the sound was smooth and rich in the midband, with clear highs and reasonable bass. All this, with the most basic Bluetooth, sans AptX. I'd think sonically it likely can shame many more expensive counterparts. It also has a regular version (8323) without Bluetooth that costs only $16 - I'd love to hear it, but beware sometimes the captured connection/wires have a great effect on the sound.

For $27, construction is reasonably good, though the plastic creaks a little. Also, my head is big, so it barely covers my ears. I am also not sure of the reception over distance. In my crowded listening room, it is less than 20 ft, but that can also be due to the bluetooth dongle. If you, likely unlike me, have a more current source device, with AptX, it would likely be smooth operation when it comes to pairing. Even if you don't, given the sonics, it is a still a great bargain! Highly recommended!

Addendum: Pairing Finally!
I searched the internet for solutions and came across this useful article. After Option 2, it still didn't work. Then I tried Option 4, debug and reboot. It took a while but my Macbook Pro finally found the Monoprice and paired (as BSH-1701)! However, my other Bluetooth AptX receiver, the Dayton Audio BTRO1, is still MIA.

24 May, 2019

6V6 Elekit Indian Food

NY Diary (19-2) "Good Enough""夠聽啦"

With the family beset by strife, I had made no adjustments to my systems in the past weeks. Basically the Sparkler S303 CDP or my Technics SP-1200 Mk II/VAS "DL-103" fed my Shindo Monbrisson, driving my Elekit TU-8150 and YL horns.

As I wrote in my last article (roll down), my friend shidi came over and was astonished by the performance of the little amp. He uses MBL loudspeakers and ML electronics and is a jazz connoisseur as well as a Wagner and Mahler addict. I played him Ellington's immortal Mood Indigo and a Cecile McClorin album and he was delighted. Ditto Solti's Die Walkure opening and Horenstein's Mahler 3rd (still the best recorded sound imho). He was impressed. At really high level, the Elekit strains a little, but not enough to take away enjoyment. Shidi, usually very critical, was very pleased, and said ""It's good enough"""夠聽啦", which is not faint praise, akin to saying "it's all you need". I of course agree and this combo is likely to last into the fall. The summer is hot, and the Elekit does not heat up much. An utterly amazing amp using one of the greatest tubes ever made (6V6).

What better music to listen to in times of strife than Bach? Several items I just borrowed from the library turned out to be gems (see my side column), They soothe, challenge, and, as usual, put one at ease - such is the incomparable power of Bach.

For some cleansing, last Monday the family went to the nearby (and famous) Hindu Temple Canteen for a simple lunch. Both the Dosa and the Bisibela were just delectable. The canteen was unpretentious, utterly clean and comforting.

07 May, 2019

Altec A7, B&W Matrix 801 MkII, Lenco L75, Decca Arm and Cartridges, Elekit TU-8150, VAS Shun Mook Cartridge

NY Diary (19-1)

This article marks the first of a new column. In NY Diary there will not be in-depth audio discussions, rather throwing out odds and ends and loading more photos that may interest people.

Chez Kevin Yesterday, a beautiful day, Andy, James and I visited Kevin (last write-up here) to listen to his new DIY crossovers for the Altec A7's, which were driven by Citation I and McIntosh MC-30. Compared to the stock one, we all think it has potential; of course, after the arrival of the B&W Matrix 801 MkII, the horns were pushed back and for me it will not sound as good as when it was up front. I also listened to the 801 driven by all CJ combo (the Premier 8 monoblocks were loaners from R). Not bad, but as everyone knows, CJ is just not my cup of tea.

The refurbished Lenco L75 is more my type of stuff. Before the others arrived, I listened to two different Decca cartridges on the Decca arm. I much prefer the stock one than the one with Van den Hul stylus. I also briefly listened to the Rabco arm with Pickering 380 (elliptical stylus in lieu of spherical).

But I actually spent most of my time at the lunch table. Kevin is an excellent cook. On this occasion, the braised pork with dried beans and the spicy twice cooked pork were just delightful, enhanced immensely by the Red that Andy brought. Thanks to Andy and Kevin!

A Day in the Rain My HK friend shidi and his wife Jane are in NYC for the Met's Ring and more. I figured they should listen to my horns. So on Sunday, despite the rain, they came to Flushing. Shidi is a jazz connoiseur, and he was astonished by the 2.9 watt Elekit TU-8150 driving my YL horns. They also got to briefly listen to the VAS Shun Mook DL-103 (with short Ruby cantilever), which shall be reviewed later. The speed and tight bass was up his alley and he is now thinking of sending his defunct Dynavector 17D for Steve to repair.

Follies Our world's leaders have such abundant personalities that all kinds of impersonators spring up everywhere, including HK. Of course there are also pranksters who graft their images onto everything.

06 April, 2019

Fairchild Futterman and More

Ain't that a Beauty! Click all pics to enlarge.

Potpourri: Eye-Watering Gears, Mouth-Watering Food

On Monday, Kevin picked up Andy and I early for an outing to New Jersey. It was a reasonably fine day, also the first day the bridge and tunnel tolls were raised (again). If not for the ridiculously designed (with poor signage) NJ Turnpike, which GPS has not mastered, causing us in the express lane to over-shoot our exit and to detour, we would have arrived at our destination a lot sooner. There we were met by James.

Chez Paul Paul's a technical wizard who is into vintage audio, and it is always a pleasure to visit him (brief mention here). His large house is tidily arranged (for an audiophile). The cavernous basement contains the main listening system anchored around a pair of Tannoy Gold 15"s. His main system seems to comprise Marantz 7C driving on this occasion 6V6 SE amps and a DIY WE 91A replica 300B SET amp (covered). We listened to the Linn LP12 and Priscilla Chan 秋色 was quite good, but we didn't get to hear the King of 1541 CDP's, the Philips LHH-1000. Strewn here and there were items for repair and another fellow's DIY phonoamp employing globe tubes!

But! That was not the best part. We had time to check out the rest of the basement, which is a veritable treasure trove on silent display! The Fairchild 255A EL34 monoblocks looked strikingly good. Next to it we saw the historic Futterman flagship OTL 4-piece mono amps. On the opposite side, amid the many organ amps I spotted the Harman Kardon Citation IV, which I would have loved to hear, and also one of my favorite amps, which I sold only because I was leaving HK, the sleeper Fisher X-101-C. Also around were the Fisher 50-C's.

That was not all. In yet another corner, we discovered some vintage loudspeakers, any one of which I'd gladly loved to spend time with. Not to mention another pair of Altec A7s lying around (our friend Kevin got his from Paul).

As if that was not enough, in the living room, where the TV and video system is, there is another system. Here we encountered the smashingly gorgeous dual-mono Fairchild 245 preamps driving a pair of class A/B Fairchild 260 EL34 amps (sporting 2 x 5AR4 each) behind the TV into vintage B&W DM-17 bookshelves (once popular in HK). Sound was not bad at all.

I must say I really enjoyed looking at all that great stuff in Paul's place! Sometimes, for a collector of sort, looking is even more pleasurable than hearing! We then headed to lunch, but the food was not worth a mention...After lunch we scrambled on...

Chez Lu Miracle of Miracles! Mr Lu is 95 year-old!!!!! The oldest audiophile I have ever met and an inspiration to all of us. A veritable audio warrior! Mr Lu lives with his relatives, and the audio room is relatively small, around 120 sq ft I'd say. The back loaded horn of the Voxativ Ampeggio , which is familiar to me (heard it at NYC's Audio Arts), needed more room to breathe, but the sound was OK driven by German Lyric Ti100 (using KT66) SE amp (on the rack). Outside the door sound was better. The German Audio Valve 6AS7 monoblocks (deemed too coarse) are apparently only used just to watch movies, driving a pair of Lowther PM4's (naked) hidden behind.

These German gears were sold by a single dealer. Truth to say, though by no means bad, I'd think similar performance can be had for a lot less - not value for money at all, as is usual for German high-end. It should be noted that Voxativ's current flagship has recently been reviewed by TAS' Jonathan Valin, who declared it a "breakthrough". It is just an indication of how banal the audio press has become, employing fiction writers for reviews on things they know nothing about.

On route to Mr Lu's house I spotted a store that proclaimed "Records", and so we went after the visit. The incorrigible vinyl junkies each scored a few. VAS And then we visited Steve of VAS again. We heard his mono pickup on a VPI - a bit tight but there was promise. Apparently, VAS has a burgeoning Cartridge Re-Tipping Service at way below market price, no wonder it is thriving and Steve showed us the large number of Lyra's (seemingly especially fragile) as well as others that have come in...

In all, a great day! But for Mouth-Watering Food, it had to be a week prior, when Andy served us a fiery spicy Sichuan hotpot. At first the 2010 Haut-Medoc and 2011 Saint-Esteph tasted delicious. But after lunch, the peppercorn must have taken over as I found myself suddenly unable to appreciate either! Doesn't that seem a parable for strongly flavored audio???

31 March, 2019

HiFi Basics Cables Gotham Cables

HiFi Basics: Cables - A Guide, or, do they make a difference?
Guide to Gotham Cables

The short answer is: Absolutely, and sometimes even profound. Below I shall detail some of my beliefs, and in so doing you will know well what I personally use:

InterConnects This is the most important Category. Almost all I write here are applicable to cables elsewhere in the playback chain. 
  • Cables as Tone Controls Nothing illustrates the conundrum of audio "titration" more than cable swapping - we all do it, though there are people who believe cables make no difference (false, and forget them). The problem with the Cable Freak (many out there) is that he overdoes it, and swings too often between a craving for more "transparency/neutrality" and more warmth, not realizing the real problem lies elsewhere in his system. The solid state user and modern loudspeaker users (I include most audio reviewers in this group) are more susceptible, because their gears are more often than not on the sterile and "white" side, even unlistenable. Tube Users and Vintage Aficionados' fare better, and generally tend not to use very expensive cables (well, let us not forget they also tend to roll tubes like using tone controls). Advice: never spend too much on cables, but do have a few spares for swappingThink of Cables as no more than Finishing Touches on a System (but they do make a difference).
  • Red and White By this I mean the generic cables that come free with most electronics. These vary greatly in quality, but they all have one thing in common - reasonable, even good delivery of midrange - but on the down side they are invariably deficient in treble and bass extension, and certainly not very dynamic at all. A huge army of cable "objectivists" believe that is all you need since they are indistinguishable from more expensive cables. Not so, but one should not laugh too hard. Why? Because many expensive cables that manipulate the sound sound worse. At least these cables are forgiving, whereas many "boutique" and "artisan" (an overused word, usually employed to justify high price, that I detest) cables are highly unmusical.
  • Audiophile Cable Companies Basically, like most companies that offer accessories and tweaking devices (most are lousy), the audiophile cable companies capitalize on system anomalies (the more expensive, the more so)! The jargons used and the false promises are almost criminal. I also really do not believe audio magazines (trade or net) should review a lot of cables, as it is so system dependent. It is also worth noting that there is little objective measurements on cables (even Stereophile does not offer any measurements, not even a mention of capacitance and resistance etc). As in much of hifi, the few measurement parameters are hardly adequate. Two cables of close resistance or capacitance are likely to sound very different. In HK I have heard many expensive cables (top of the line Siltech and Oracle, for example) in many expensive systems (especially at dealers), but I cannot say that they offer anything special. In fact, they more often than not make the systems too colored. Just to name a few, Siltech, Nordost, Cardas, VdH, Audioquest etc, I have heard a lot of them and generally I do not like them. Ditto MIT, Oracle etc, but their resistor networks (which I'd rather not have) fare a little better. Haven't you noticed one thing? The cable marketing is detestably basically "the bigger the better", so as they get more expensive, the fatter and heavier they get. That means all kinds of extraneous and unwanted materials get into the cable, just to impress you. What has that got to do with "straight wire with gain"? Weird Geometries Many high end cables employ conductors of different AWG and unusual geometry. Were you to terminate yourself, you'd be lost as to what strand to use for what. I definitely frown upon this, as this goes against the simple is best (not science perhaps, but a good philosophy for so many things) rule and, not surprisingly, this kind of manipulation is almost the exclusive provenance of the hifi world. If you look at respectable professional cables (below), they don't do this at all.   
    • Professional Cables Although the different Professional Cables sound different (think Gotham vs Mogami vs Belden), the companies honestly strive for truthful reproduction, including neutrality and transparency (unlike hifi cable companies), or a balance thereof, and so are within a safety envelope, and one can use the differences between professional cables to adjust one's system. This also illustrates that, best intention notwithstanding, there is no one definition of neutrality or transparency (same with recording engineers). The professional cable companies also give clear specifications for their products, something the audiophile cable sector just largely ignores. For myself, I'd be happy to use mostly Gotham Cables, because within this family different models sound somewhat different, and the differences can be exploited (the "Size" Bullet below lists the models I use). I have three large systems and multiple sources, and they are all wired almost exclusively with Gotham. Even so, occasionally I do have to use something else, like Mogami or DIY "47 Labs".
    • "Western Electric"/Vintage These are cloth types and there are many variations. Most of them are not optimal, but really old high AWG tin-plated solid cores that have an insulating layer that has to be scraped off are very good. These can be very detailed, and too much cannot be used at once.
    • Constructing Cables Given the success I have had with Professional Cables, I find it largely unnecessary to construct cables, by which I mean making whole cables, not just soldering the connectors (except for a few pairs using antique WE material, which have their own sound). This is actually a whole other world, and many, including a few friends, spend a huge amount of time trying different conductors and other materials, time better spent listening to music. Take the most popular, CAT 5, yes, I have listened to many, some with heavy braiding, but while they sound reasonable the professional cables are better.
    • Copper Cables Copper is basically the standard, and cannot be easily surpassed, not by silver, and you can forget about gold. Copper is good as is. Silver plating makes it worse - avoid. The "surprise" is, older tin-plated copper usually sound pretty good. I am sure that is heresy to many, so take it with a grain of salt.
    • Silver Cables More often than not, silver sounds paler and inferior to copper cables. I actually have quite a few old ones lying around. The only one I still employ from time to time, and can recommend, is Kimber KCAG, which has a very simple geometry and very neutral sound (the connector is also excellent). I have two old Audio Note silver cables (made in Japan, before the schism) that sound quite good (AN-S and AN-V), but both can be a little pale and indeed not quite neutral. These are likely more like the Kondo cables now. I have also heard some current AN UK silver cables; at my friend WSS' place, I prefer my Gotham cables.
    • Size In general, the softer the cable, the better the sound (think of the softness of Gotham, even Mogami, less so Belden). Don't you think the better the copper, the softer it is? I believe the thicker the diameter, the more colored the sound (think NBS, Cardas etc). Size can be due to many things. Number of Conductors I don't like a large number of conductors. Two conductors (e.g. Gotham GAC-2, GAC-1 Ultra Pro), Four Conductors (e.g. Gotham GAC-2111, "EMT replica", GAC-4, both used 2+2), and often just One Conductor (e.g., my beloved coaxial Gotham DGS-1; using the shield as the other conductor) work well for me in all three of my systems. AWG the size of each conductor matters a lotI prefer smaller conductors (higher AWG numbers), 22-24 usually working the best in my book. Shielding I don't like heavily shielded cables, as even non-shielded cables work well in my systems. Most Gotham's, being professional, have non-intrusive (soft) shielding (and good shielding at that). Insulation and Dielectric Material The more of these used, the worse the sound.
    • Stranded vs Solid Core For my taste, stranded is almost always better. Stranded has better and more even frequency response (why professional cables use them), important for classical music replay, while solid core projects the midrange more, which is why certain audiophiles prefer them. It should be noted CAT 5 is solid core. The larger the core diameter, the more imprecise the sound (which is why 47 Labs solid core is of very high AWG), though some may like it because because of a perceived gain in impact.
    • Length Shorter lengths sound less relaxed. 1.5 - 2 meters is the usual recommendation. Longer interconnects are usually frowned upon, but many of us use them. For me, I like to have my preamp in front of or next to me, which means a longer interconnect to the amp. The deficiencies of longer lengths are mildly subtractive in nature, sometimes perhaps even beneficial and, most importantly, can be easily made up elsewhere. I don't understand audiophiles who use short cables, and struggle to connect every time they swap components. If cables make you use swear words, that is not a life. Unfortunately, that is true of too many audiophiles.
    • Connectors RCA Let's face it, there is NO perfect RCA plug for all seasons, especially for vintage users who are often faced with tightly spaced connectors. For me, the plug should be small and utilize a minimal amount of metal, like Switchcraft and similar Neutrik/Rean look-alikes (Amphenol is OK too). Bullet Plug is great but not for me as it will ruin vintage connectors. Chunky connectors I do not like (I for one dispute WBT sounds good, and I own several sets)! They are made to accommodate all the extraneous layers of unwelcome elements of thick cables. Why have a cable with internally small gauged conductors end up in a massive block of metal? It is idiotic. XLR In many ways I can relate to XLR connectors, which are by nature chunky (yet their elements that actually make contact are not chunky), more than chunky and shiny RCA connectors. A simple and good quality Neutrix (or Switchcraft or whatever) is better quality than many over-priced chunky RCA connectors. You figure.
    Loudspeaker Cables In general, in terms of cable construction, my preferences for these are much like mine for interconnects. Forget stiff, unwieldy cables. Opt for fewer conductors, stranded, professional, copper, straightforward geometry. Some concerns particular for loudspeaker cables:

    • Bare Wire Given the proper binding post, I believe bare wire sounds better. The more efficient the loudspeaker, the more bare wires of high AWG (thin) sound good. And bare wire connection is easier for users of vintage gear. My favorite is Belden 9497 and I connect it bare on both sides. "Western Electric" These cloth type cables are popular with horn and vintage enthusiasts, but most of them are not good. Tinning with Solder Some people like tinning the end with a little solder, but I don't like this - while it keeps the strands together, the contact is actually less good than just wire alone (though fraying is an issue).
    • Thin vs Thicker Cables It is my opinion thicker cables with larger or more conductors usually do not sound as good. This is evidenced by my use of Gotham: over the years, in most applications and with most smaller loudspeakers the Gotham 50010 and 50025 sounded better than the thickest 50040 (10/25/40 are diameters), with better agility, resolution and clarity. Another memory lingers in the mind: with the LS3/5A, the Kimber 4TC sounds a lot better than the 8TC. Current Demands This is the exception. If I run less efficient loudspeakers like ATC or Magnepan, the 50040 would fare better, more composure and dynamics due to better current delivery. Here a Belden 9497 still sounds very good tonally, but you can tell it is reined in (however, better that than runaway, which is how a lot of audiophile cables sound).
    • Bi-Wire? This is controversial - many are adamant that a "better" Single Wire Cable + Jumpers are better than a bi-wire cable. I don't hear it that way. Grant you, I agree, in many instances, especially smaller loudspeakers, bi-wire is a gimmick, but I have quite extensive experience with larger or more inefficient loudspeakers, where bi-wire is simply more dynamic. This is true of the B&W Matrix 801 Mk II, Spendor SP-100 (it is actually tri-wire, so use jumpers between the tweeter and midrange inputs), Harbeth LS5/12 (magnificent!) and Magnepan. My favorite bi-wire cable is the Belden 1810A. Jumpers Should you have to use jumpers, you must replace the lousy ones that come stock - they are woefully bad. I myself use a short run of loudspeaker cable, particularly the Belden 9497.
      Image result for screw on fork banana vintage
    • Spade vs Banana I abhor spades and use basically bare wires or Bananas. I shake my head when I see audiophiles fasten a thick spade with a wrench. Banana Connector The best is the BFA type (see pic). BFA stand for British Federation of Audio, and Linn uses this for their amplifiers. To me, the merit of this is the thin and curled copper sleeve, ensuring maximal contact. I use the so-called Nakamichi (Chinese), which are convenient screw-on types, but it would be perhaps even better to use just the copper sleeve without a connecting block (available cheaply on Ebay) and wrap a heat-shrink around it. Vintage Connection Short of bare wire, banana is still better than spades for vintage amps with their screw-on terminals. I use the small 5 mm fork adaptor pictured.
    Digital Cables These too make a great difference in sound. Again, most of the observations on interconnects apply. At my peak I ran several digital systems using my Genesis Digital Lens as Switchboard, and have tried out many. For DAC's that can accept many different inputs, one can switch for fun, but if you ask me there is no significant superiority when it comes to XLR vs RCA/BNC.
    • RCA/Coaxial/S/PDIF This is the most common Input. I use solely professional cables, usually the incomparable Belden 1694A and sometimes the Gotham GAC-1 (10070; not to be confused with the GAC-1 interconnect, 10001). Coaxial vs USB Incidentally, whenever I compare, the Coaxial sounds better to me.
    • BNC This is always a problem. Some manufacturers (like ARC) regard it as superior to RCA and do not provide for the latter. I use an adaptor, as it is difficult to get proper BNC connectors that allow you to solder (I do not have crimping tools).
    • AES/EBU Some regard this balanced connection as superior to RCA, but I am not so sure. I do use it. My favorite is Gotham GAC-2 (10601; not to be confused with Interconnect GAC-2, 10401). It is a very soft and thin cable. On the Sonic Frontier SFD-II Mk II, it sounds better than the GAC-1/10070.
    • AT&T This is basically defunct now, but on older transports and DAC's (like the Sonic Frontier SFD-II, Theta Data etc) I find it superior. A common complaint is brightness, but not to this tube user!
    • Optical This is definitely the least ideal of the digital cable formats. Generic ones really suck. The only one that I have found that sounds surprisingly good is the Van den Hull Optocoupler, an anomaly since I usually find anything from that company uninspiring/colored.
    • I2F Firewire There are several formats regarded by some as superior. I don't use them, but I have heard quite a few expensive setups employing these connections, none remotely musical.
    Power Cords This for me is the last frontier, which I have not really explored. They do make a difference, but I think much less in magnitude than interconnects. I have heard and seem tons of expensive power cords and cannot help come away from the conclusion that most are colored, the bigger the more so. I myself would stick to my principles - softer cables, not too thick. One day I do intend to DIY a few more, including of course Gotham (which some of my fellow Gotham users endorse highly. Connectors I do use decent ones, but perhaps hospital grade is over-doing it.

    Corollary/Postscript Perhaps the strongest persuasion for not using expensive cables is my own audition experience. Over the years I have heard at least hundreds of setups large and small (including dealers), cheap and expensive, yet there is one common observation: those who spend a lot on cables usually have the most unbalanced sound. That alone is proof enough that most cables mess up rather than improve the sound.

    17 March, 2019

    Elekit TU-8150, Almarro M1A, Dayton B652, JBL L20T, Micromega MyDAC

    Dayton B652 on top of Almarro M1A. Click to enlarge.

    Elekit TU-8150 (DX), Part III
    Almarro M1A vs Dayton B652 vs JBL L20T
    Review: JBL L20T, Part III
    Review: Micromega MyDAC, Part III

    *Elekit TU-8150: Part I (Basic Info; 6AQ5 vs 6V6), Part II (Pentode vs Triode; Input 1 vs 2).

    *JBL L20T: Part I (Basic Info), Part II (partnered by SMSL T-Amp, interesting contrast to partnership with Elekit).

    *Micromega MyDAC: Part I (Basic Info and Test), Part II (loose ends, including desktop).

    I didn't really want to switch out my big horns, but in the name of thoroughness, there was still ground to cover. I tried out other smaller loudspeakers for a glimpse into real-world compatibility, so as readers and potential buyers can judge for themselves.

    Horses for Courses In so doing, I discovered that, due to the design, it was more complicated and time consuming than I anticipated and I had to re-think and even partly unlearn what I had found before. However, as a result, I learned more than I thought I would! Now, I am pleased.

    Due to the issues involved (differences in gain structure between the 2 inputs, as well as the presence of an Op Amp preamp stage), the Listening Notes are organized a little differently from usual. Readers should cross-reference with Part II for best understanding.

    For most of the listening I used my System II front-end: Sony XA5400ES CDP; Thorens TD-125/SME 3019i/Denon DL-304; Aurorasound Vida Phonoamp;  Shindo Monbrisson Full-Function Preamp. Cables are various Gotham for interconnects and Belden 9497 for loudspeakers.

    Listening Notes
    • The Reality of 2.9/1.6 Watts When it comes to such flea power, I probably have experienced more than most people, including SE fans. My own Sun Audio VT25/10 SET amp (estimated 1.5-2 Watts) worked reasonably well with my Klipsch La Scala. My 45 amp (estimated 2.5 Watts; DIY'ed by a friend) worked superbly well with both my La Scala and even Tannoy Canterbury. I have heard my friend's Sun Audio 6V6 SE amp work with his Altec 605, and another friend's Sun Audio 45 SET amp (same amp as the VT25/10, just slightly differently configured) work well with his Lowther. But certainly all flea powered amps are not all created equal, and the rated output power, like much else measured in hifi, is only an indicator. A 1.5 Watts Western Electric Push-Pull Amp, like the WE 46 (here) sounds a LOT more powerful than a SE(T) amp of equal or higher rating (the same also holds true of even higher powered SET amps - a Wavac or Verdier 300B sounds a whole lot more powerful than, say, a Spark 300B amp). Preamp For low-powered amps, it is usually highly desirable to have a preamp with good gain. You need all the help you can get for that first watt. Forget about "Straight Wire with Gain", or passive preamps (a TVC with gain may be an exception). So for most of the listening here I used my Shindo Preamp, and maxed out the volume of the TU-8150. Of course, the TU-8150 does have a preamp section in the form of an Op Amp, which makes things a little more complicated, as we shall explore. Volume Setting When used with a preamp, keep in mind that in the TU-8150 the volume pot is after the Op Amp, so it can be maximized when used as a power amp.
    The Great Overtures (Vinyl, LP, Album) album cover
    • Room Size and Effect For such flea-powered amp, I feel compelled to say something about my room, so as to put things in context. Mine is around 300 sq ft, large for small loudspeakers and low powered amp. However, as you can see in the pic, my bookshelves are in-room and near-field (my seat is right behind the Thorens TD-124 turntable), making it easier. Thus, the sound would have less bass than placement closer to the front wall (easier for the rear-ported Almarro and the front-ported JBL than the infinite baffle Dayton), but the room is well energized and the large and open soundstage is good compensation. But if your room is smaller (but not too small; otherwise you might as well go desktop), that helps.
    • Loudspeakers Used Some of my smaller loudspeakers, like the LS3/5A's and Sonus faber Electa Amator are not good candidates. I round up the usual suspects. Almarro M1A The Almarro M1A is one of my favorite bookshelves (reviewed here). While I know the 89 db, 6 ohm loudspeaker works well with SET amps, I really wondered about one as low powered as the TU-8150. As we shall see, it was hardly a success. Dayton B652 This $30-35 loudspeaker is a wonder (reviewed here)! Although not for head-banging stuff, it does well with most acoustic music. Like the Almarro M1A, the B652 is also a 6 ohm loudspeaker. Its sensitivity is spec'ed at 87 db, lower than the Almarro, but it seemed to play louder and with more ease than the Almarro. I attribute this to its first-order crossover design, which usually are easy to drive (witness Loth-X, Reference 3A and B&W CM1, to name a few). Not at all a bad job, but... JBL L20T I dragged this pair out last, not expecting that much. It is a wonderful loudspeaker (reviewed here), but from my experience, large and classic JBL's usually prove to be much less SE amp friendly than Tannoy's of equal sensitivity rating, not to mention Altec and Klipsch. But this is the smallest model, which has about the same volume as Almarro, but much larger than the diminutive Dayton. It is rated at 87 db, same as the Dayton. Notably, the impedance rating is higher than both Almarro and Dayton, at 8 ohm. This may be of some import, as we shall see later.
      Stock photo
    • Op Amp In Parts I and II, with my 104 db horns, I preferred to bypass the Op Amp (removing it). And so I started this way. But with these smaller loudspeakers, even using the louder Input 1 the preamp volume had to be cranked all the way up. Even then the sound was not too dynamic. Obviously, for more inefficient loudspeakers, the Op Amp is necessary.
      Appalachian Spring (CD, Album, Compilation) album cover
    • Input I vs Input 2 I started with the less loud Input 2 (RCA). Both the Almarro M1A and Dayton B652 played pretty well, but it was clear the Dayton was louder and more lively. On orchestral music, the M1A's texture seemed a little thick in comparison, which I took to be an indication of not enough power. I then switched to Input 1 (with 3.5mm to RCA adaptor) and surely the sound immediately perked up, especially for the M1A. However, as the Op Amp is in use now, the preamp volume knob had to be carefully controlled as otherwise overloading can be heard (in the case of M1A). Even with no overloading, it was clear that, compared to Input 2, though more incisive, the sound lacked body (lean midbass and bass). What I am not sure about is if this is just a question of loading, or if the (low) quality of the 3.5mm adaptor has something to do with it. I thought to DIY an adaptor but that would have to wait.
      Sinfonie Nr. 9 (Vinyl, LP) album cover
    • Ultralinear Previously, in Part II, using my horns, I preferred Pentode Mode to Ultralinear, and so with these smaller loudspeakers I started with Pentode. But the more I listened, even with careful attention to overloading, I found the distortion to be bothersome at high level. At first I thought that was due to clipping or overload. Remembering that Ultralinear reduces distortion, I switched back to Ultralinear and was amazed at the much cleaner sound.
      My Fatherland (Má Vlast) album cover
    • JBL L20T After I thoroughly tested the Almarro M1A and Dayton B652, I was a bit frustrated to be honest, particularly by the M1A. And so I hauled out the heavy vintage JBL pair with a heavy heart, so to speak. As soon as the music started I almost jumped out of my seat. GREAT stuff and a dream match that only happens once in a while! Everything became more three dimensional, more vital, and that tone! A revelation, Amen. Even using Input 2 the sound now had dynamics and scale that sounded like much larger loudspeakers. I had been listening repeatedly to Bernstein's exemplary late DG recordings of Copland's Appalachian Spring (LAPO) and Brahms 4th (VPO). All the loveliness and lyricism of the scores were brought out like nothing before, yet the proceedings felt tight and inexorable, which these scores also need. The volume was cranked pretty high up, but even with the Op Amp in place there was no undue "sandy" texture - mass strings had body and sheen. Only when the volume got really loud did a little bit of steeliness creep in, but that is expected as the distortion rises, and even pure tube amps would do the same. When I start discussing the music, you can tell I am beginning to really enjoy the music rather than just dutifully digging out facts for this article. Some albums I just had to play more than once. Kulanjan, the great collaboration between Taj Mahal and Toumani Diabate (Hannibal/Rykodisc) was simply stunning. The contrasting timbers of the guitar and the African Kora and the modulations of the 2 male and 1 female voices were effortlessly, and mellifluous. I know this album well, but as rendered by this humble pairing of Elekit and JBL, it is the best I have ever heard it. Rhythmically it has more swing than even on my horns! And in Kancheli's Lament, every whisper of the violin (really low in volume) as well as volcanic orchestral outbursts were highly atmospheric. This combination gets to the meaning of all kinds of music! Phono Playback So far with the small loudspeakers I have tested only with CD. The extra gain required for Phono proved taxing for the M1A and even the B652. But it is a different story for the L20T. Through the Aurorasound Vida the sound was irreproachable, lively and detailed. On Neumann's Leipzig Gewandhaus Ma Vlast (a late 60's East German recording, first issued in the US on London LP, so many later reincarnations, including CD, were mostly of German origin), the tonal splendor of the Leipzigers and the majesty of the reading were utterly compelling. A great but little known recording, extremely well recorded to boot (as is usual for East German era stuff). Similarly, Haitink's first Mahler 9th (Philips) displayed a cavernous soundstage in which the famously warm Concertgebouw woodwinds played echt characterfully, and the burnished brass tone! And William Tell, in that greatest of all Rossini Overture recordings, Piero Gamba/LSO (my LP is a cheap latter-day Holland London pressing), had an adrenaline-infused and BIG sounding Alpine storm (which much predates Strauss' essay, and I heard a chirping woodwind figure that likely was quoted by Strauss). Wow!
    • Direct In I wanted to see how the preamp fared without a preamp. I used System III's Theta Data Transport and connected it to my Micromega MyDac with a Belden 1694A, fed it into Input 2 and adjusted the volume using the TU-8150's volume knob. Wow! I must say I was wooed yet once again by the Micromega! The fantastic rhythmic expression was evident with Kulanjan. One day I'd like to match it up with my Sparkler (which I have brought with me to NYC). The sound was really lovely, and when I switched back to the Shindo it was evident the texture was thickened by tube. Some may prefer the greater incisiveness of Direct In, but when running multiple sources (phono) and playing large orchestral works the addition of a preamp adds needed weight and punch, considerable advantages for classical listeners like me. 
    • Elekit TU-8150 in General Though all designed to a price point, all current Elekit products have a reasonably muscular sound and driving power. However, the TU-8150, being the lowest in power, does require the potential user to have a clear goal in mind. 6V6 The cheap and ubiquitous, yet legendary 6V6 tube again reveals its glory. What a sound! There is not much point to run it as a triode (halving its already meager power), since it sounds so good in Pentode (with horns) and Ultralinear (with smaller loudspeakers). Warm Up With the Op Amp in situ, around half an hour of warm up is needed for it to sound its best.
    • Elekit TU-8150 for Desktop/Headphone Although I don't have a desktop at the moment, I have quite a bit of experience, and actually think this amp is well nigh perfect for desktop/headphone, and I am sure it was designed with such users in mind. Although low in power, Its superbly detailed and rhythmically sophisticated sound, allied to excellent headphone output, is ideal for the task. Dayton B652 The Dayton illustrates this. It may not be able to energize a room like the much larger JBL L20T can, but it never puts a foot wrong. If I were to build a serious desktop, I'd add a subwoofer (there are good choices even around $100) to flesh up the sound.
    • Elekit TU-8150 for In-Room Small Loudspeakers As my experience shows, it may take some time and patience to come up with a suitable partner. Given the very close sensitivity figures of the 3 loudspeakers in question, I can only surmise that the success of the L20T is partly due to its more tube-friendly (higher) impedance (and in the link to my previous article on L20T provided above we know for sure its impedance curve is utterly benign). Based on my experience I'd say it is better in general to have loudspeakers over 90 db's in sensitivity. News Incidentally, recently both Stereophile and TAS recommended in their April issues an affordable high-sensitivity loudspeaker that those interested may want to look into (since you are reading this article, you are probably one). The former reviewed the $549, 96 db, nominal 8 ohm Klipsch RP-600M (not online yet, but read the review in sister website cnet); the latter the $900, 91 db (but 6 ohm) Tower JBL Stage A190 (here). Being a fan of both Klipsch and JBL, I'd love to hear them (unlikely). By my estimate, the Klipsch will surely work a treat (due to its super-efficiency and higher rated impedance), whereas the JBL will likely too. The good thing is, the TU-8150 is so small and light that you can take it to audition loudspeakers!
    • JBL L20T This is a gem that surprises by its performance with 2.9 watts. It confounds me because my 5 db more sensitive, but much larger JBL 4312 (12" woofer) does not work that well with 300B (~8 watts). But, good news to me! I am not sure what I like most: the effortlessness, the sweet and articulate midrange, the warm mid-bass/bass, the intimation of a larger scale than the physical size would indicate. All of it! A thought on matching: in the L20T Part II (link above) what I wrote of my impression of L20T vs Almarro M1A when driven by T-Amp was not at all similar to this round. So, you have been warned that synergy is involved and extrapolation, like much reasoning and measurement in hifi, may not always hold court.
    • Micromega MyDAC I have never previously heard my Micromega in my US systems. Suffice to say, this brief outing really tickled me! I prefer its sound to the flagship Sony SACD player - more rhythmic engagement and flow. As a matter of fact, just before this is written I briefly moved it to System II and did a direct comparison and my impression remains the same. Perhaps I shall write an article on this and Sparkler in the future. A killer budget DAC, no, a killer DAC, period.
    Postscript: This article is long in the making. I am glad I was more than repaid for my efforts. The next installment may take a while. I have to get back my Elekit TU-8500 preamp, match it with the Elekit  for a listen and then roll its OPA2227 into the TU-8150. Salut!

    23 February, 2019

    Elekit TU-8150, 6V6 Pentode Triode

    Click pic to enlarge. Cover off the TU-8150 for convenience. Input 1 in front is used. Note the Op Amp has been removed from its socket (to the front of the lower/right channel 6V6). Note also the red jumper to the back of the same tube is set to Pentode Mode. The 12AX7 is not on fire - there is a decorating diode underneath.

    Review: Elekit TU-8150 (DX), Part II

    See Part I for Basic Info. Part III has also been published (Smaller Loudspeaker Matching).

    In this article, I tested the Pentode and Triode Modes, and assessed the effects of the Op Amp as well as the difference between Inputs 1 and 2. All using 6V6 and System II (Shindo Monbrisson preamp; for details see Part I). You will notice that I played exclusively LP's for these sessions, so any lack of power should have been instantly evident. High Impedance Earphones, Tweaks and Potential Mods are addressed.

    Symphony No. 2  In C Minor "Resurrection"  (Vinyl, LP, Stereo) album coverListening
    • Pentode Mode vs Ultralinear Mode In later vintage and modern tube amps, the pentodes are frequently run in Ultralinear Mode (all Mullard 5-20 and Williamson's types are). The reasons are complex and I am not equipped to go into it, but if you google "Pentode vs Ultralinear" you will find a huge amount of basic info as well as discussion out there, some heated. Suffice to say there is a pentode mode revival of sort and there is no consensus on which mode sounds better. While Elekit recommends Ultralinear (same power output as pentode; 2.9 WPC), my experience tells me it is worthwhile to experiment. In the pic above, right behind the output tube is the screen grid resistor, which is connected on the tracks to the one side of the red jumper. As for the other side, the line straight ahead is Ultralinear Mode, tied to the Center Tap; a little outward is the Triode Mode, tied to the plate and one end of the output transformer (hence tying the screen and the plate); and a little inward is the Pentode Mode, tied to the other (B+) end of the output transformer. Pentode Mode Operation Personally I found the Pentode Mode to be more natural sounding. This I think is due to what I perceive as better dynamics (both micro and macro). The effect is subtle but audible. Zubin Mehta's justly famous Mahler Symphony No. 2 (London LP) was rendered in all its splendor - there was enough power for the big moments, yet what captivated even more was the delivery of the VPO in the softer music, the sweetness and heartbreak and transcendence.
      Greatest Love Songs
    • Triode Mode This reduces the output from 2.9 to 1.6 WPC, but with most material I really did not notice the drop in power, even if the preamp volume knob has to be churned up a little more. I did a lot of listening in this mode, which to me seems to add a little more refinement to the sound. The popular EMI compilation of Nat King Cole's Greatest Love Songs (EMI/Capitol UK) can sometimes be a little sharp (I suspect the mastering is digital) but here it was just perfect. More, I just bought a few cosmetically seriously challenged jazz LPs recently, and listening was so good that I finished the crop in just one evening. The many instruments in Oliver Nelson's Fantabulous (Argo) all had ravishing timber, and the swing was well neigh irresistible. Coleman Hawkins was no Brazilian jazz champion but his playing on Desafinado (Impulse) was as usual golden toned and comfortable. Some people could not stand Hank Jones' Happenings (Impulse) because he was using a Baldwin electronic "harpsichord" but I enjoyed its being so different and the Elekit made the best out of the quaintness. Even in mono, Jimmy Smith was king of his instrument. I just dug his interplay with Kenny Burrell, his often partner, on Organ Grinder Swing (Verve). Gene Ammons' The Twister (Prestige) had a starry cast but the mono sound was not quite as good as the others. Nonetheless, all thoroughly enjoyable, as was Mancini's fantastically recorded Peter Gunn (RCA), though I'd not call it jazz. All in all, a magnificent session. Of course, with really large scale music, like the aforementioned Mahler, the Triode Mode inevitably chokes the music a little when compared with Pentode Mode. One should also note that to many the more robust sound of the Pentode is worth more than the more refined sound of Triode.
    • Op Amp The Elekit TU-8150 is no doubt primarily geared towards the desktop and earphone crowd, and hence has an unusual arrangement in preamplification. The manual says: "This model contains a preamplifier stage configured with an OPamp to resolve the problem of low gain when connected to a portable audio player..." Gain vs Volume At first I didn't notice much difference, but after a lot of careful listening I did realize that it was best to relatively maximize the preamp gain and minimize the amp's main volume, thus bringing about more refinement and expand the soundstage. To experienced audiophiles, manipulation of the volume and gain (like old ARC gear) can be beneficial. This also means the stock Op Amp has a (very mild) deleterious effect on the sound. Bypass As I don't plan to use phones or portable devices and use a real preamp with gain, I naturally looked for ways to bypass this stage. Looking at the schematic, this Op Amp Preamp stage is before the main volume pot (50K), utilizing power from the 12AX7's heater supply. This gain stage could be bypassed simply by removing the Op Amp. By doing so, the sound improved a notch, a little airier and smoother. It is not going back in my system though I may yet try the OPA2227 that I have.
      The Five Piano Concertos (Vinyl, LP) album cover
    • Input 1vs Input 2 Input 1 is the frontal 3.5mm mini-jack, and Input 2 is the rear RCA input. The Elekit spec sheet curiously stipulates Input 1 as "Priority". They may be referring to the fact that as soon as a mini-jack is inserted into Input 1, Input 2 is disengaged. In the schematic, one notes that Input 2 is routed through a 10k resistor (R101 and R201) into Input 1. This is probably to equalize the levels of the 2 inputs. Using Input 1 Using an RCA to min-ijack adaptor I re-routed the signal from my preamp to Input 1. Without going through the 10K resistor, the sound definitely had a little more gain, and improved in clarity and presence, all this despite the use of adaptor. Prokofiev's Piano Concertos (Ashkenazy/Previn/LSO, London LP) sounded wonderful - the piano sparkling, the woodwinds characterful and the low brass growling!
    • 1 + 1 > 2 Assessed on its own, each maneuver produced only a small improvement. But, interestingly, the overall improvement proved to be beyond the sum of the increments. Now, the music was comfortably expansive and luxurious, but rhythmically sophisticated when called for.
    • Potential Mods It is because of the excellence of the amp that I think mods are valuable for users like me: 1) The long signal signal path of the RCA Input 2 is certainly not ideal, but looking at the schematic one can disable R101 and R201 and solder a jumper wire between the RCA terminals and TP (Test Point) 3 and TP4, thus bypassing the Op Amp stage altogether; 2) Even if the Op Amp is removed, because of the associated circuit the signal still passes through 2 more resistors before reaching the 50K main volume pot - the 4.7K resistors (R102 and R202) before pins 6 and 2 of the Op Amp and the 22K resistors (R103 and R203) connecting pins 6 and 7 and pins 2 and 1 before the 50K main volume pot. That is 26.7K (22K + 4.7K) of resistance that can be bypassed if TP3/4 are used. If one uses the RCA Input 2, even with the Op Amp removed, there is a total of 36.7K of resistance before the 50K volume pot, making a total resistance of 86.7K if the main volume is maxed out. One notes that in SET amps the line level signal usually directly goes to the main volume pot, and 100K is the more popular value. One can use jumpers and eliminate those 4 resistors (R102/R202 and R103/R203). One can also try a 100K volume pot. While I would think the fewer resistors in the signal path, the better the sound, I am not about yet to do the (simple) surgery - the sound is entrancing enough, so let it wait, but I am pretty sure I'd carry these out one day (maybe Part IV?).
    • High Impedance Headphone The Headphone Outputs are taken from the output transformers, so naturally they are of excellent quality. My 600 ohm Beyerdynamic DT-880 performed even better than my lower impedance AKG 701 (see Part I). Prokofiev's Piano Concertos sound almost as enjoyable as through the horns. Note though the volume had to be cranked up, so head-banging rock fans need not apply, but then this is not their kind of headphone amp. For those who value all-roundedness and tonal splendor, this is as good as I have heard. Although my Schiit Vali 2 and Magni are connected to a different source (an old Proton CDP), I do think/extrapolate that the Elekit surpasses them. From recollection, the performance does not suffer in comparison with my Manley 300B (transformer coupled) and Nagra PL-P Preamps. Mind you, I am listening to LPs!
    Highly gratifying!

    Perhaps that is enough for now, so further testing, including with different loudspeakers, will have to be treated in the next episode.